Investing in mutual funds is a popular way for UAE citizens to grow their wealth and diversify their investment portfolio. Unexperienced traders tend to buy shares form mutual funds instead of buying stock directly, because of the professional management, great liquidity, diversification and the lower risk involved.
In this guide, we go over the definition of mutual funds, how to get started as a newbie and when is it a great choice to invest.
What Are Mutual Funds?
Mutual funds are investment packages created and professionally managed by an asset management company consisting of multiple securities like stocks (equity securities), bonds (dept securities), short term dept securities and other financial instruments. Mutual funds are pooling money from different investors in order to purchase securities. When you invest in mutual funds, you invest in the asset management company’s portfolio. It is a good way to diversify your investments and spread your risk.
How do Mutual Funds Work?
Mutual funds are managed by fund managers who invest in shares on behalf of their clients. Every day the fund management company determines the price of their managed shares. This is called the Net Asset Value.
Different Types of Mutual Funds Based on Asset Classe
Mutual funds are categorised based on the underlying assets which they invest in. Based on the investment mutual are classified as: money market funds, bond or fixed income funds, stock or equity funds and hybrid funds. We can further break them down into open-end funds, closed-end funds and unit investment trusts which can all be passively managed (index funds) or actively managed.
Below we break down different mutuals funds based on their underlying asset class.
1. Stock Funds
Stock funds or equity funds are a type of funds that invest in companies. Income funds pay good dividends, growth funds have higher financial returns than other funds, sector funds are shares in specific industries, and index funds are shares in all listed companies. Stock funds are sorted by the size of invested companies (small-cap, mid-cap, and large-cap). The market capitalization of a company is calculated by multiplying the share price by the total amount of shares.
2. Bond Funds
Bond funds are funds that hold debt and pay a fixed return rate. There are government bonds, corporate bonds, certificates of deposit (CDs), and high-yield bonds. Because bonds pay fixed returns they are also called fixed-income funds. Whenever a bond expires, which is called ‘reaching maturity date’, investors receive their invested amount back. Whenever interest rates increase, the value of bonds decreases as investors receive the lower interest rate on them still. If interest rates decrease, the opposite is the case. Bonds are considered safer investments than most other forms of investments because they produce fixed income.
3. Money Market Funds
Money market funds are short-term corporate, commercial bank, and government debt-backed investment vehicles. They are highly liquid, low-risk, low-return, and part of short-term investment strategies.
4. Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds, asset allocation funds, or balanced funds, spread risk among multiple asset classes. Hybrid funds diversify in both stocks and bonds but can include investments in other assets as well.
The most common hybrid funds are:
- Commodity Funds: are funds that invest in commodities like gold and oil.
- Target Date Funds: Target date funds are mixes of short-term debt-backed financial instruments.
Related: Best mutual funds in UAE
5. Index Funds
Index funds replicate market indexes like the S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial Average, or NASDAQ Composite Index and are often considered long-term investment strategies. Find out more about investing in index funds in our guide.
6. Commodity Funds
Commodity funds are funds that invest in commodities like gold and oil rather than in stocks, indexes, or bonds.
7. Target-date Funds
Target-date funds are mixes of short-term debt-backed financial instruments that meet a certain investment goal in a specific year. The asset allocation of target-date funds adjusts automatically when this date is nearing. In the beginning, the fund takes more risks than later on. Target-date funds can be part of both long-term and medium-term investment strategies. It is possible to invest in target-date funds through IRA accounts (individual retirement accounts) in the USA.
What Can You Expect to Pay On Fees and Expenses for Mutual Funds?
When investing in mutual funds you pay the asset management company a one-time fee and a ongoing fee for their services. You pay commissions on the shares bought by the mutual fund and a redemption fee when you sell your shares within a certain time frame. Mutual funds also charge management fees that you need to pay for managing your investment.
How to Invest In Mutual Funds in UAE?
The most common way to invest in mutual funds in UAE is through a online broker like AVAtrade or Saxo Bank. You can also invest in mutual funds through UAE banks or financial advisors.
1. Invest Using a Online Broker (Trading Platform)
If you are confident enough you can invest in mutual fund through a online brokerage using their trading platforms and accounts. The best online brokers to invest in mutual funds in UAE are:
#1. Saxo Bank
Saxo Bank is a Danish investment bank that operates globally, offering bonds, stocks, mutual funds, and ETFs. UAE investors can open a Saxo Bank with an initial investment of $10,000 or more (37,000 AED). One of the biggest advantages of investing in mutual funds through Saxo Bank is that they only charge management fees. There are no hidden fees or commissions and Saxo Bank has Sharia-compliant swap-free mutual funds available for Islamic investors.
You can invest yourself in 250 different mutual funds through Saxo Bank from $10 each or have one of Saxo Bank’s professional money managers manage your account for you. For the full review click here.
#2. Interactive Brokers
Interactive Brokers is one of the few regulated mutual funds brokers in the United States operating globally. It is founded in 1978 and has over $10,48 billion in capital. As UAE investor you can open an account with them from $1 and have access to over 45,000 mutual funds of which 17,000 are commission-free. Interactive Brokers charges no custody fees and has a transparent commission model on mutual funds in place, with fees being $14,95 or 3% of the trade value, whichever of the two is less. Fidelity Investment is one of the oldest brokers that offer access to over 3500 different funds with the lowest fees in the industry. For the full review click here.
#3. Fidelity Investments
Fidelity is a world-class broker with over 70 years of experience in mutual funds, bonds, stocks, and other short-term investments. With Fidelity, you can build up a strong portfolio by having access to over 10,000 mutual funds from both Fidelity and other brokerage firms. You can use the Mutual Fund Evaluator tool to easily filter funds based on your personal investment goals, performance criteria, and fund characteristics. Experienced long-term investors can pair professionally managed asset allocation funds with automated RMD withdrawal services to take the guesswork out of required minimum distributions for retirement accounts with Fidelity Simplicity RMD Funds. You can start investing in mutual funds with Fidelity with any amount. For the full review click here.
There are many other brokers outside of our top 3 that offer access to mutual funds. You can check our full list of the best trading platforms for mutual funds in UAE here.
2. Invest Using a UAE Bank
You can invest in mutual funds using a UAE or international bank.
You can check out the best UAE banks here.
Below we break down the best UAE international banks offering investing in mutual funds:
HSBC offers UAE investors a wide range of diversified mutual funds from across the globe, including emerging markets. Professional HSBC fund managers rebalance the funds regularly. HSBC has a premium service called HSBC World Selection Portfolios available for investors that can commit a minimum of $50,000.
#2. Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank (ADCB)
ADCB has fixed income, real estate, equity, commodities, and hedge fund mutual funds available to invest in that are all approved by the Securities and Commodities Authority (SCA). You can choose to invest in mutual funds yourself or consult an ADCB investment advisor to help you with asset allocation and the diversification of your portfolio.
#3. Emirates NBD
With Emirates NBD’s InvestDaily you can set up a systematic savings plan that helps you invest in mutual funds. You can choose to invest weekly, monthly, or quarterly, withdraw your earnings and investments at any time and get started with low amounts.
Investing in mutual funds in UAE is a great decision if you are looking to diversify your investment portfolio, increase your liquidity, get professionals to manage your investments and to profit from economies of scales.
The most common way to invest in mutual funds is through a online brokers or banks offering mutual fund investment services.
- 1 What Are Mutual Funds?
- 1.1 How do Mutual Funds Work?
- 1.2 Different Types of Mutual Funds Based on Asset Classe
- 2 How to Invest In Mutual Funds in UAE?
- 3 Conclusion